Greece secures $170bn bailout
BRUSSELS: The countries that use the euro pulled Greece back from an imminent and potentially catastrophic default on Tuesday, when they finally stitched together a (euro) 130 billion ($170 billion) rescue they hope will also provide a lifeline to their common currency.
But the patchwork of measures, including the implementation of austerity measures in Greece and approval by sceptical German and Dutch parliaments, required to give the rescue a chance of success means it`s unlikely to be the end of the continent`s debt crisis.
European markets edged lower, having enjoyed solid gains in the run-up to the meeting on expectations a deal would be secured, while the euro rose 0.2 per cent.
The finance ministers from Greece and the other 16 countries that use the euro wrangled until the early morning hours over the details of the rescue, squeezing last-minute concessions out of private holders of Greek debt.
The eurozone and the International Monetary Fund, which will be providing the money for the new bailout, hope the new programme will eventually put Greece back into a position where it can survive without external support and secure its place in the euro currency union.
The accord, which had been months in the making, seeks to reduce Greece`s massive debts on all fronts, with both private and official creditors going beyond what they had said was possible in the past.
On top of the new rescue loans, Athens will also ask banks and other investment funds to forgive it some (euro) 107 billion ($142 billion) in debt, while the European Central Bank and national central banks in the eurozone will forgo profits on their holdings.
The deal “closes the door to an uncontrolled default that would be chaos for Greece and Greek people,” said European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso.
But despite those unprecedented efforts, it was clear that Greece, which kicked off Europe`s debt crisis two years ago, was at the very best starting on a long and painful road to recovery. At the worst, the new programme would push the country even deeper into recession and see it default on its debts further down the line.
“It`s not an easy (programme), it`s an ambitious one,” said Christine Lagarde, the head of the IMF, adding that there were significant risks that Greece`s economy could not grow as much as hoped.
Including Greece`s first bailout worth $146 billion, the new deal means every Greek will owe the eurozone and the IMF about $29,000.—AP